Groundnut is a seed crop that is cultivated and produced almost in all countries all over the world. It has China, the USA, India, and most parts of Africa as major producers.
Groundnut is also called peanuts. It originates from a plant belonging to the pea family, a North American plant that produces a very sweet consumable tuber. In Africa, it is called Groundnut while in other countries like the USA it is called peanuts.
This seed crop is one among other seeds that can serve as a fruit and also as a vegetable. Botanically it is a leguminous fruit that grows like a plant. When cultivated it is rooted under the ground, but when harvested it is seen to have edible seeds with hard shells which both generally serve many purposes.
On the other hand, it is also considered a vegetable because it is cultivated as a plant that has roots as well as leaves. It is just like the Beans, Lentils, and soy that does not grow on trees; otherwise, they will not be regarded as seeds.
Groundnut or peanut is very rich in nutrients. It is a very popular fruit that is consumed all over the world due to its unending benefits to human health and other purposes it can serve. It ranges from the fact that it can be consumed in various ways, unlike other fruits that have only sole means of consumption.
As this species is cultivated and produced all over the world so also is the consumption. It can serve as food, either it is roasted, parboiled, or cooked, while some may even prefer eating it raw. Whichever way it is served, the most important aspect of it is that it adds nutritional benefits. The benefits derived from it like; protein, minerals, vitamins, oil, and fats, potassium as well as fiber. This entirely, all together makes it a very healthy food.
Various ways of consuming groundnut
It can be cooked
It can be cooked alongside the shell, adding salt to produce taste, and then breaking off the shell before consumption. It is very important to note here that it is not edible enough when just harvested as long it is not cooked. Although some people still eat it raw at the harvested stage it’s not healthy enough.
It can be roasted
It can be roasted in two ways: first, it can be roasted with the shell or it can be roasted without the shell. Either of these still gives the desired benefits. When roasted it can be served alone without having to eat it with any other food. However, according to the choices and taste of the individual, the roasted groundnut can as well be eaten in combination with other fruits like Banana, Cucumber, and Garden egg.
In some countries of the world like Nigeria, the rural dwellers mostly combine the roasted groundnut with other edibles like baked bread, dried and fried cassava when soaked with water. Apart from local consumption, Peanuts can also be combined with snacks like; Biscuits, chin-chin, cashew nuts.
You can use it to cook soups and make groundnut butter
Groundnuts also known as peanuts are also used to cook soups. After harvesting, the shells and chaffs are then pulled off. It is then ground into the floor and used for soup making. Apart from soup making the floor can also be used to make peanut butter, mostly used in eating the garden egg or bitter kola.
But Some people are allergic to groundnut
With this, you can see that groundnut is vastly consumed throughout the world. Although, notwithstanding the immensity of its consumption, some people are allergic to it. While some other persons detest eating it especially when it is roasted.
According to those people, the oil contained in roasted groundnuts can expose one to contracting the fever. In the same vain they equally condemn eating of this roasted fruit when the intensity of the sun is high, still with the same motive of avoiding the illness.
However, many other people who were also against the roasted type prefer eating the cooked groundnut.
Now, apart from consumption, the groundnut shells can serve other useful purposes like fertilizer for growing crops. Farmers make use of the sheaf and shells in their gardens as plant foods to help in crops germination. Again, the shells can be used for fueling replacing your charcoal and firewood.
Again, we use groundnut to produce oil for cooking, and they are the oil that you can buy from the markets within you. When we process groundnut for oil, the remains gotten after processing is completed can be used to further bake some local cakes.
The groundnut among other leguminous crops like Lentil, Peas, Beans, Chickpea, and Soy is very rich in protein. It builds and repairs the body and enhances body growth. However, according to research, the required amount of phosphorus that the body needs for necessary body function are sufficient in groundnut.
In addition, many grams of protein are found available in groundnut or peanut more than other nuts. The amount of protein found in groundnut provides a building block for the muscles, blood, and tissues.
Another Nutritional benefit of groundnut is that it contains 8.5 grams of fiber out of the expected 100 grams found in nutritional contents, making it very rich in dietary fiber. The fiber content helps to lower inflammation and help digestion in every human body that consumes this fruit seed.
Now among other ways of consuming groundnut, or peanut (groundnut butter) also helps to prevent Gastric Cancer, especially in older individuals. At this point, it is important to note that men are advised to eat an adequate amount of groundnut regularly because it helps to improve their sex hormones.
Other nutrients also include zinc. Eating enough groundnut or peanut can as well boost your intake of zinc? Although, the zinc contained therein is not as much as that contained in cashew nuts. However, this nutrient is also still very present in groundnut.
Researchers also proved that apart from fiber, the peanut or groundnut is very much available in nutrients like; Vitamin A, B, C, and E, and monounsaturated fats. These Nutrients found rich in fruit seed improves reproduction activities in every male found to consume it.
Another nutritional benefit found in groundnut is fat. It contains healthy fats, such that it can lower bad cholesterol (LDL). Fats include monosaturated and polyunsaturated fats.
Helps prevent health issues
Eating groundnut can help reduce the risk of cancer and heart-related diseases. It also boosts the immune system by destroying chemicals found in the body that may be associated with the risk of worsening health conditions.
Peanut or groundnut is another source of Omega 3 Fatty Acid, which enhances cardiovascular health in every individual. It also helps to manage cholesterol and blood pressure levels.
The Groundnut has many essential nutrients very beneficial to health.